Concussion finds its origin in the Latin word concutera, referring to a violent shaking. Concussion is the most common traumatic brain injury. Concussion has been ranked in the following three categories by American Academy of Neurology Guidelines based on its severity:
Grade 1: No loss of consciousness is reported in this category.
Grade 2: The symptoms last for more than 15 minutes, though the person does not suffer from loss of consciousness.
Grade 3: Loss of consciousness is reported in this category.
A person suffering from traumatic brain injury suffers from the following symptoms:
Headache, dizziness, vomiting, nausea, loss of consciousness and display of emotions that do not match their personality.
Therapies for Concussion
The general symptoms of Concussion do not require any treatment and go away naturally. Only about one percent of the cases require surgery. A person suffering from traumatic brain injury is advised rest and is required to keep away from alcohol and drugs. Ibuprofen can be taken in case headache persists.
The symptoms of concussion generally go away completely within three weeks. However, in certain cases reoccurrence of symptoms is noticed. This may lead to conditions as dementia Pugilistica.
Hindrance in early recovery
Though the usual recovery time in traumatic brain injury is three weeks, the recovery period might extend owing to multiple factors as clinical depression, increased period of amnesia and poor health.
A research study published in 2009 indicated that people suffering from concussion exhibit a decline in their physical and mental performances.
Canadian researchers view the term concussion as a misnomer considering the severity of the medical condition. This needs to be done to bring increased awareness among general people and make them aware of the treatment required.
Concussion needs to be viewed with seriousness as any laxity on part of the patient might lead to serious consequences and even result in death in some instances.